Number of residents : 24.076
Height sea : m 750
Distance from Riccione : km 35
The history of the municipality
In the Republic of San Marino cult of the saint, which dates back to the legend about the founding of the Republic is widespread and sincerely felt. And it is precisely the legend that we handed the figure of this expert stone worker, who came from his native island of Rab in Dalmatia, went up on Mount Titano and there founded a small community of Christians persecuted for their faith at the time of the German Empire Diocletian. It has been proven that the area was inhabited since prehistoric times, but it is only since we medieval some news on the existence of a Cenobio, a parish church, a castle, elements that ultimately converge to a confirmation that at the peak of Mount Titano existed a Community Organized. While the authorities of attenuating you went and when still had not said temporal power of the papacy, he won here, as in other cities of Italy, the willingness of citizens to give themselves a form of government. And while each of the Italian cities entitled to their freedom a saint, the small Community of Mount Titano, mindful of the figure of the legendary stone Marino, was called "Land of San Marino" then "City of San Marino" and "San Marino".
In 1243 that nominarono first two Consoli, namely Captains Regent continuously took turns in power every six months until today confirming the validity and efficiency of the institutions, first of all that Reggenziale. Most significant were the disputes with the Bishops of Montefeltro that claimed the payment of tribute, but in the end the San Marino prevailed achieving the administrative-political emancipation. Neither the San Marino were peaceful, but defended the walls of their city with the legendary leaf participated in the struggle alongside the Montefeltro of Urbino Ghibelline supporters of the Party.
The Territory Sammarinese stretched in the Middle Ages short distance from Mount Titano and remained such until 1463, when the San Marino took part in the alliance against Pandolfo Sigismondo Malatesta, Lord of Rimini. The war was victorious in San Marino, reward for his participation in the war, Pope Pius The Piccolomini attributed the Castles Fiorentino, Margibi and Serravalle. Castle Faetano entered the Territory Sammarinese dedication to spontaneous. Since 1463 the Territory remained unchanged.
Twice the Republic of San Marino was occupied militarily, but only for a few months in 1503 by Cesare Borgia said Valentino in 1739 by Cardinal Julius Alberoni. Since Borgia managed to free themselves for the death of the tyrant. Since Cardinal Alberoni able to escape with civil disobedience to abuse and sending messages to illegally obtain justice to the Supreme Pontiff, which recognized the right of San Marino and restored independence. Napoleon in 1797 offered an extension of territory, gifts and friendship to the Republic of San Marino.The Sammarinese were grateful for the honor of such largesse, but refused with instinctive wisdom enlargement Territorial pay their borders" . Lincoln in 1861 showed his sympathy and his friendship for San Marino writing inter alia to Captains Regent "... Although your domain is small, nevertheless your state is one of the most honored of all history ...".
San Marino has a tradition of exceptional hospitality in all ages. In this land of freedom was never denied asylum and aid to persecuted by misfortune and tyranny, whatever were their condition and their ideas. We mension only two examples among many that could be listed: Giuseppe Garibaldi in 1849, surrounded by three armies after the fall of the Roman Republic, was hosted and found unexpected salvation in San Marino together with his fellow survivors. During the last World War San Marino hosted more than 100,000 refugees. Today, the Republic of San Marino independent, democratic and neutral continues to live faithful to the ancient traditions and increasingly sensitive to the demands of progress.
Flag and emblem
The flag of San Marino is white and blue with the emblem at the center of the Republic.The emblem is composed of a shield in which they are depicted three mountains and three towers with piumate-low two arms tied with a ribbon, which bears the inscription "libertas", and a high crown symbol of sovereignty.
The places, things, meetings
The historic centre of the city of San Marino is all a monument, "a medieval citadel preserved over the centuries to marvel of posterity." On the edge of Mount Titano stand three wonderful fortifications, still connected with walls and walkways below the citadel surrounded by a triple ring of walls, interspersed with various ports and many ramparts and towers. Within the walls of the streets, squares, palaces, churches, houses all medieval stone retain almost everywhere look austere and evocative of the past.
After three fortifications, being inevitable visit of tourists (especially the second which is also home of the Museum of Ancient Arms), we point out the major sights: the Government Palace, Basilica, Church of San Francesco with adjoining Museum Art Gallery, Church San Quirino or Capuchin Craft Show Sammarinese. Of note also several private museums: Maranello Rosso Collection, Museum of Modern Weapons, Museum of Vintage Cars, Wax Museum, Museum of Curiosities, Reptilarium-Aquarium.
In the eight villages scattered in the rural area around the mountain include the following places: Rocca Malatesta of Serravalle, the modern Church of Bomi county designed by the Florentine Michelucci, the Postal Museum, Philatelic and Numismatic (Bomi county), the Church and Valdragone the convent, the fortress of Pennarossa; churches, ancient ruins and various curiosities in all Castles.