Number of residents : 1.765
Height sea : m 265
Distance from Riccione : km 22
The history of the municipality
Of course, today, walking around the quiet streets of the country is not easy to imagine what authoritative and rich history had Montefiore. For a long time this has been one of the most important, perhaps the most important, a vast area that includes low and middle valley of Conca, a castle longer considered the Riminese from all points of view, military, economic, religious, cultural.
Nobody escape the signs of a past all respect if only for the imposing fortress and the clear structure of the medieval city centre. But the happy position of lands Montefiore, ranging from 480 metres of Mount Auro up to the fertile river terraces Conca, led people to settle in these places much of the first medieval. In several areas were found in prehistoric artefacts flint and bone and on a hill overlooking the valley have discovered some tombs built proto (Iron Age). Finds Romany (statues, urns, inscriptions, coins, capital,etc.) Were found some everywhere, but the center's most important archaeological is to San Pietro in Cotti, known commonly Pian di San Pietro where several remains (funds hut, flooring, columns, various types of ceramic, etc.). start from the fifth century and cover all the various Roman eras, witnessing the existence of a large agricultural and religious to be evaluated in all its importance expects an extensive campaign of excavations.
Already in the Middle Ages Montefiore is the first under the jurisdiction of Rimini, in 1302 the castle try to avoid this domain, but the threat of a siege stronca rebellion. With the advent to power of Malatesta, Montefiore lives the period of splendour. The powerful family chose this country to build one of the largest and imprendibili fortresses, which was recognized is the role of residence representation than military bulwark essential for the control of the borders with the Montefeltro. The fortress is built around the mid - 1300 and held by Malatesta for more than one hundred consecutive; it was born in 1377 Galeotto Malatesta Novello said, precisely because of their place of birth, Belfiore.
Beginning in 1432 Sigismondo Pandolfo, the most famous of Malatesta, magnified the strategic importance of the castle and improved the fortress. It was in this period that the village was developed by acquiring civil and religious institutions such as monasteries, hospitals, the mountain of mercy. When Malatesta arrives for the defeat, Montefiore as with other countries of this part of the Romagna begins alternating different domains: governed the country Guidi of Bath, Borgia, the Republic of Venice and also Conmenus Prince Constantine of Macedonia Montefiore precisely died in 1530. After these, the castle finally passed under the rule of the Church. In 1797 Montefiore is part of Cisalpine Republic.
Throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth Montefiore maintains its importance in the territory although other neighbouring countries, especially those in the plains, begin at this time to emerge and build up its own social and economic identity. With the beginning of the `900 people are increasingly attracted to the valley even if the hill farming is still very important. In the'50s and'60s the number of population falls significantly, and only in recent times there is a new growth is due also to the beauty of the place, the conservation of the natural environment and the ease with which you can reach the centres of the Riviera. Today Montefiore looks to tourism as one of the best opportunities for their future.
The main attractions
Recently arrived in the country we see the arch of entrance to the fortified village Curina said Porta (sec. XIV-XV), which is the emblem of the walled Piccolomini. On the left there are the town hall and a few houses from medieval architectural lines. This rise directly to the fortress on the right neglecting the church of St. Paul that the return visit. On the road there is the potter's workshop, 'ancient craftsman laboratory Franchetti family.
Inside there are two lathes foot and the whole pottery forms and colours with traditional and they are produced. We still have to get to Rocca. From under affecting geometries el 'grandeur of the building. After a first round of the walls you enter the courtyard where there is a well decorated the end of `300. Upstairs there is a room with a cross vault where they are exposed important frescoes by Jacopo Avanzi rare examples of painting lay the fourteenth century . Another room that holds dell'Imperatore of Avanzi other frescoes.
Going you reach the balcony on the top of the Rock, from here you can enjoy a very exciting scene on the cities below, the mountains, valleys and the coast of Romagna. Construction of the fortress is traced back to 1340 made by Galeotto Malatesta although it is likely that there was already a fortified structure. Among its walls have remained the king of Hungary Louis the Great, King of Bohemia Sigismondo and Emperor, Pope Gregory XII and Julius II. The castle lapses at the end of `500. In `60 years - '70 the fortress has undergone a restoration unfortunately questionable in different parts. Outside the Fortress makes the rounds on the right, the so-called road Ghirlanda to meet the Church of St. Paul with its Gothic architecture. Note inside a valuable crucifix painted on the school board of Rimini `300. Recross Port Curina take on the left to do a complete view of the walls.
Taking the main street (XX September) visit at the Church or Holy Cross where there are several frescoes from the school Marche `400. Other places considerable Montefiore are the Convent of the Capuchins, near the top of Mount Auro and the Shrine of Our Lady of Bonora one of the oldest and most famous of Rimini. Deserves particular attention throughout the surrounding environment, one of the best preserved of all Rimini, the valley of remarkable Ventena between Montefiore and Gemmano.
Among the events are reported by the ancient and extraordinary procession of the Holy Friday that the participation of people in costume and confraternities, the Chestnut Festival held every Sunday in October (one of the most famous festivals in the area) and One Season for the Arts that in July the soul fortress with exhibitions, courses and artistic activities. Very impressive the crib living in the Christmas period, which involves the entire city centre.